SOCY100 Final Answers

SOCY100 Final Answers

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SOCY100 Final Answers

PART 1. MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

 

1.1 A quality of the mind that allows us to understand the relationship between our particular situation in life and what is happening at a societal level is called:

1.         sociological imagination.

2.         sociological research.

3.         sociological theory.

4.         sociological understanding.

 

1.2 Who first applied a theory of evolution and "survival of the fittest" to societies?

1.         Charles Darwin

2.         Herbert Spencer

3.         Karl Marx

4.         Émile Durkheim

 

1.3 The glass escalator effect refers to the:

1.         limits on the advancement of women in the workplace.

2.         limits on the advancement of men in the workplace.

3.         the rapid rate of upward mobility for women.

 

4.         the rapid rate of upward mobility for men in female-dominated workplaces.

 

1.4 An industrial worker going back to school to learn how to be a medical assistant would be an example of:

1.         an ascribed status.

2.         role conflict.

3.         resocialization.

4.         coprescence.

 

 

 

1.5 An individual’s conscious, reflexive experience of a personal identity separate and distinct from others is called the:

1.         self.

2.         id.

3.         ego.

4.         Superego.

 

1.6 Social stratification is a system that:

1.         allows society members to choose their social standing

2.         destroys competition between society members

3.         ranks society members into categories

4.         reflects personal choices of society members

 

1.7 The behaviors, customs, and norms associated with a class are known as:

1.         underclass

2.         prestige

3.         power

4.         class traits

 

1.8 Ethnicity describes shared:

1.         beliefs

2.         language

3.         religion

4.         any of the above

 

1.9 Amalgamation is represented by the _____________ metaphor.

1.         separate but equal

2.         Statue of Liberty

3.         melting pot

4.         salad bowl

 

1.10 What makes Native Americans unique as a subordinate group in the United States?

1.         They are the only group that experienced expulsion.

2.         They are the only group that did not come here as immigrants

3.         They are the only group that was enslaved.

4.         They are the only group that was segregated.

 

1.11 Sociologists tend to define family in terms of

1.         how closely members adhere to social norms

2.         the status roles that exist in a family structure

3.         the connection of bloodlines

4.         how a given society sanctions the relationships of people who are connected through blood, marriage, or adoption

 

1.12 Same-sex couple households account for _____ percent of American households.

1.         1

2.         10

3.         15

4.         30

 

1.13 Sociologists using conflict perspective might study what?

1.         How social movements develop

2.         What motivates inequitably treated people to join a movement

3.         What social purposes a movement serves

4.         What individuals hope to gain from taking part in a social movement

 

1.14 Social movements are:

1.         the collective action of individuals working together in an attempt to establish new norms beliefs or values

 

2.         disruptive and chaotic challenges to the government

3.         ineffective mass movements

4.         the singular activities of a collection of groups working to challenge the status quo

 

1.15 In addition to social movements, social change is also caused by technology, social institutions, population, and ______ .

 

1.         social structure

2.         new social movements

3.         the environment

4.         modernization

 

 

 

 

PART 2 SHORT ANSWERS

 

2.1. Based on each picture define keywords the type of intergroup relationship.

A.

                                                            Assimilation intergroup relationship                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

 

 

B.

                                                                        Pluralism intergroup relationship                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

 

 

 

C.

                                                            Expulsion intergroup relationship                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

 

 

 

D.

                                                            Genocide intergroup relationship                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

 

                                                                                                                … (Levine, 2010)

 

 

 

2.2. Examine the difference between material and nonmaterial culture in your world. Identify ten objects that are part of your regular cultural experience. For each, then identify what aspects of nonmaterial culture (values and beliefs) that these objects represent

 

 

Material culture            Nonmaterial culture

Material culture comprises of everything that is in our society.            Nonmaterial culture comprises of social norms, beliefs, values, and behaviors.

 

 It consists of any product of culture or physical manifestation.          It is the noun- physical thoughts that individuals regard about their norms, rules, values, beliefs, and culture.

 

 

Consists of visible parts of a culture.  

Consists of concepts and ideas about culture, beliefs, and values.

 

 

                                                                                                         … (Woodward, 2007)

 

i.          Television – It comprises of moving and sound objects that individuals watch for relaxation and entertainment. Watching T.V can be perceived negative by some cultures although it has positive things.

ii.         Xbox – Is a cubical game system which lets individuals play games. On playing these games individuals learn on how to solve a problem while accomplishing a given task. Conversely, if one becomes addicted to Xbox games, he or she may become the lazy and unacceptable member of the society.

 

iii.        Work-Refers to a task with explicit duties and responsibilities. It permits individuals to critically think and associate with others. Having fun in a job is crucial however developing this habit which leads to nonaccomplishment of tasks is unacceptable.

 

iv.        School – School is perceived to be an educational center. Nonetheless, some will go to school for sporting and fun.

 

v.         Dogs – They are social animals that provide company and protection to the owners. Nevertheless, other cultures do not own dogs but instead, they kill them and consume them as food.

 

vi.        Family – It supports one`s dreams and is available during the struggles of life. However, in some cultures families do not support each other.

vii.       Christianity – It believes that the Bible is flawless and it was inspired by God. Nonetheless, some cultures hold that the Bible has flaws in some scriptures.

viii.      Vehicles – They offer transportation from one point to another. Owning a car, however, will require one to change the brake fluid, tires, and oil in addition to signing for insurance.

 

 

ix.        Race – is used to identify individuals in many aspects of life such as job rates. For instance, the whites dominate the jobs as they are regarded learned as opposed to the blacks who are perceived to be uneducated. However, this perception stands null and void in some cultures.

x.         Sports- sports are activities that are played to provide entertainment and also an income generating activity. On the other hand, some cultures hold that sports are a waste of valuable time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART 3.OPEN QUESTIONS (ESSAY)

 

3.1. Think about a social movement industry dealing with a cause that is important to you. How do the different social movement organizations of this industry seek to engage you? Which techniques do you respond to? Why?

 

BP oil spill social movement of 2010 is a social movement that impacted considerably in my life. This social movement integrated with anti- oil sentiments in social institutions and social movements resulted in the alteration of policies of offshore oil drilling. Consequently, the BP oil company was able to restrain the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico leading to the opening of beaches that had been deserted (Newman, 2010).

Via the social movement campaigns, these social movements are able to lure me to support their agendas. I can participate in spreading their campaigns as well as taking part in their organized protests. In most instances, I respond to the protests as I deem it best to be part of a revolution.

 

3.2. An increasing number of people come from two or more racial or ethnic groups. What does it mean to be brought up in two cultures and which advantages or challenges can appear in "being in between"?

 

The statement to be brought up in two cultures implies that an individual is born in one culture and brought up in another. Also, a person can be born in one culture and be brought up in it during his/her part of life and then relocate to another culture. To be brought up in two cultures poses a number of advantages and disadvantages. An individual who has been reared in two cultures is well versed with different lifestyles. He or she can be able to socialize easily with diverse people who happen to come from the cultures. However, this individual experiences the challenge of learning and coping up with the new culture`s values and beliefs. Moreover, this individual can be discriminated at times by the culture `s natives (Kelly, 2000).

 

3.3. In the News Feed of our online classroom on Leo (https://learn.umuc.edu/) you can see Sociology in Pictures. All eight pictures are related to the themes which we discussed. Please select one of the pictures and reflect on it (sociological concepts, theories, sociological imagination?)

 The sociological concept depicted in this picture is that of amassing of wealth by a few in the community leaving the rest starving and scrambling for survival on limited resources (Espejo, 2012). A few who are rich tend to take almost everything in a society and still they are not satisfied. They want more and more at the expense of the society `s majority who are left crowded on the scarce resources available. This concept is in line with the sociological imagination about poverty in the society.

This social problem is explained in the minority group theory and structural- functionalism theory. The minority group theory pinpoints a number of immediate causes of poverty in the society. They include chronic irregularity of work; lose of the job by the chief wage earner, incapacitation of the chief wage earner through illness or accident, lowness of wage and family largeness. On the other hand, the structural functionalist theory holds that inequality and stratification are beneficial and inevitable to a society. This means that this layering is important as it makes sure that the at the top of the hierarchy are the best people and the bottom is the less worthy. The people at the top of the hierarchy are given rewards and power due to high capabilities as well as high rewards that offer an incentive to qualified persons who engage in important activities in their high valued occupations (Kundu, 2012).

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